There is a difference between astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, space exploration and space colonisation.
The Universe is God’s laboratory where He has done the experiments and mankind needs only to study the results. The Large Hadron Collider at CERN is getting bigger but there are limits to what experiments we can do on Earth.
The question arises how mankind is to study the Universe.
There are those who dream of mankind colonising the Moon, then Mars then other galaxies. I recently attended a lecture by The Institute of Physics in Scotland about mankind’s next space exploration frontier. It promoted Moon colonisation as the first phase in visiting and colonising Mars.
Human colonisation of space should not be confused with exploration, which is more likely to be done using robots. Richard A. Muller is an American physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He has been a top US government advisor and a winner of the MacArthur Fellowship, sometimes called the ‘Genius Award’. He is of the view that manned exploration is unlikely to develop and that space exploration will be done by robots. “Such exploration in the next decade or two could almost certainly be done better with unmanned vehicles.” “The astronauts who have died in space travel always knew this danger, and they chose to accept it. Can the public accept such a high level? I don’t know. … It is the dream of man in space; it is an adventure. But it is not safe, it cannot be made safe, and it is not done for science. It is important that future presidents know this.’ Physics for Future Presidents: The Science Behind the Headlines, 2008, pp. 226-227.
For this reason, colonisation will be a step too far. There may be limited attempts at it, only to discover that it is too much for mankind to accept. The story of the Tower of Babel may even reflect man’s early post-diluvian attempts to use the memory of ante-diluvian technology to explore space.
Will space colonisation happen? I don’t think so. At the end of human history, Satan will deal only with those in the ‘four corners of the earth’ Rev 20:8-9.
After the lengthy and blessed period of human history known in the Bible as the Millennium, when human knowledge will increase beyond our current imagination, it is possible that the endeavour to colonise space will trigger God’s release of Satan from his binding at the end of the Millennium and usher in the final judgment. Just as God frustrated mankind’s efforts at the Tower of Babel, so ungodly man’s fear of the death of the Sun, driving him to attempt space colonisation, may signal the end of human Earth-history.
‘The heaven of heavens belong to the Lord; and the Earth He has given to mankind’ Ps 115:16.