There are many mistakes in exegesis.
One of the commonest is to substitute eisegesis for exegesis.
One’s opinion is not exegesis.
Exactly what constitutes eisegesis remains a source of debate among theologians, but most scholars agree about the importance of determining the intention of the original penman as a basis for exegesis.
One of the mistakes of modern exegesis is to confine the meaning of Scripture to the human author’s intentions and understanding. This is wrong because:
1. it is often difficult to determine the author’s intention, especially for books which were written anonymously. This shows it is not essential to know the author’s intention.
2. 1Pe 1:10-12 shows us that the biblical penmen did not fully understand what they wrote when inspired by the Spirit of Christ. To confine ourselves to their understanding of what they wrote is not sufficient. This does not give the full meaning of the Scripture text.
3. The true Author of Scripture is the Holy Spirit. Exegesis must aim at His intention in recording Scripture in all its varied interactions throughout the whole corpus of inspired Scripture.
Other exegetical mistakes include Rationalistic exegesis, Cultural exegesis and Celebrity exegesis, to be discussed in other blogposts.