“Self-examination is asking oneself the right questions and following them through until one arrives at the right answers.”
It is possible to begin with the wrong question. It is possible to have the right question but to fail to follow it through to the end. It is possible to have the right question and be side-tracked by the wrong answer at any stage of the process.
“Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith” 2Cor 13:5. This is an important matter to examine – but it is not the only one.
“Lord, is it I?” Mat 26:22. The Lord Jesus taught His disciples to examine themselves, and sensibly they involved Him in their self-examination. We need to pray for help in self-examination. Thus Paul reminds us to examine ourselves prior to and during the Lord’s Supper: “But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup” 1Cor 11:28. The Greek word houto translated “so” means “in this manner”: we are to partake of the Lord’s Supper in a self-examining manner. This implies that the Lord’s people should be well-schooled in self-examination. There are many things to examine in our lives, and many things to change.
“The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?” Jer 17:9. We are biassed in our own favour and thus we need to call in the help of heaven in self-examination. We need to pray for the help of the Holy Spirit to open our understanding to Scripture and to examine ourselves in the light of Scripture. “For Thou wilt light my candle: the Lord my God will enlighten my darkness” Ps 18:28; “The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord, searching all the inward parts of the belly” Pro 20:27.